The burial of Thomas Hardy in Westminster Abbey was in effect a sufficient answer to his own philosophy.It was a strange spectacle touched with something of the bleak irony of a scene from his own Dynasts.

The music was resumed, but was soon interrupted again for a report that a meteor had struck New Jersey.Martians were also observed moving towards New York with the intention of destroying the city.

In the matter of The Naked and the Dead our duty as liberal and educated people is clear.There has been some conjuring up of the ghost of what Henry James called "that Rhadamanthus of English literature - the Young Person.

The Interpretation of Dreams: Volumes IV and V of the Standard Edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud (Hogarth Press £36 the set of 24 volumes) "Insight such as this falls to one's lot but once in a lifetime," wrote Freud in the preface to the second edition of The Interpretation of Dreams.The present version appears as the first two volumes of the Standard Edition of Freud's complete psychological works to be published in 24 volumes.

In all the 36 years of its coronation rituals the Motion Picture Academy or Arts and Sciences has only once bestowed an Oscar on a coloured performer.He received the "Best Supporting Actor" award for his incorruptible rancher in "Hud.

Though all "thinking people," as they are still sometimes called, must by now have more than a vague idea of the dangers which mankind runs from modern techniques, George Orwell, like Aldous Huxley, feels that the more precise we are in our apprehensions the better.The story is brilliantly constructed and told.

The unusual thing about "On the Waterfront" (Gaumont), which is certain to be one of the year's outstanding films, is that Marlon Brando's performance is only one of many striking bits of acting; and for this the chief credit seems to go to its brilliant director, Elia Kazan, who has fanned this murky dockside jungle into life (or as it used to be, we are told) down to the last docker and bar-tender.Brando himself shambles, rambles and mumbles together (few can have so nicely under-played the sotto voce) a masterly portrait of the diffident but tough ex-pugilist who finally scotches the tyranny of the trade union bosses.

There will be less indignation among the purists about Sir Laurence Olivier's film of "Richard III", which the Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh saw last night at the Leicester Square Theatre, than there was about his "Hamlet".All she says is one "good morrow" but her appearances are frequent, conspicuous, and, in spite of the purists, relevant.

First "all-talking" picture His last brief vogue was after he had starred in 1927 in "The Jazz Singer," the first full-length "all-talking," all-squawking picture.Only a Hollywood producer, mulling over the ups and downs of Jolson's life, took what was thought to be a suicidal risk in filming a movie of it.

Although no doubt the advertisement was repaying, the early sensational newspaper accounts of the Indiana University inquiry associated with Dr.It could even be studied with profit by those whose business it is to catch the public fancy through the film and the press.

Its hero, a provincial graduate who runs a sweet-stall, has already been summed-up in print as 'a young pup' and it is not hard to see why.His wife, whose Anglo-Indian parents resent him, is persuaded by an actress friend to leave him; Jimmy's prompt response is to go to bed with the actress.

Partly because he does not write to divert your leisure hours with benign reflections about literature; his book is an arduous, subtle, and prolonged exercise in a highly developed technique of reasoning - what he would call the discipline of literary criticism.Partly also because he challenges the approach to literature which is commonly accepted in literary quarters to-day.

My last ten years, according to the Scriptures, ought to have consisted of labour and sorrow, but in fact I have had less of both than in most previous decades.When it was found that no thunderbolt struck him down for this impiety, strange new doubts began to germinate in men's minds.

Arthur Miller's "Death of a Salesman" was very well received at the Phoenix Theatre last night, yet it disappointed many people including this critic, who saw it in New York and there found it something comparable to an American "King Lear.But in much else, and in the acting of the principal parts, this performance is less good, and so different is the audience's reaction that the play itself is transformed.